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Bibbiano Buonconvento

CASTLES

Bibbiano

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Bibbiano


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The fortified settlement of Bibbiano is present in this place at least since 850, property of the Longobard Count Guinigi di Reghinari, who was an imperial legate during the period of Ludovico II. The name Bibbiano comes from “Bibbio” (in Latin “bibianum”), an aquatic bird which is similar to the duck, also called Fischione, of which these lands were rich. Property of the Guiglieschi family, in 1051 the Emperor Arrigo III gave it to the Abbey of S. Antimo. Then, Bibbiano became a possession of the Counts Cacciaconti who, in 1197, donated it to the Republic of Siena, which took care of the reinforcement of structures. Further additions and restructurings were made in 1338 and 1400. Despite the fact that it was used more as a residence than as a fort, Bibbiano appears still nowadays in its haughty aspect of Medieval castle, a massive quadrilateral door surrounded by a moat, the main door endowed with a drawbridge, two circles of walls with loopholes, communication trench and many of the Guelph-battlement untouched, two corner-towers with defensive equipment which stretches forward on stone-brackets( both on the western front, one of which is integral but the other one has disappeared), central donjon (whose top has been rebuilt after the earthquake of 1909 and provided with a roof, which leans on the existent battlement.

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